When I very first started recording, I bought a Shure SM57 and plugged it directly into my laptop's 1/8" audio input via a XLR -> 1/4" cable, and a 1/4" to 1/8" adapter. Wow I haven't thought about that in a long time, but it's actually really cracking me up now.
I'm not totally sure where I was going with that anecdote. Something along the lines of starting simpler if this is aimed for complete beginners. I don't think everyone needs all 10 of those things to start out. I would say, for recording anyway:
DAW (Even if it's just Audacity. I honestly used Audacity for like, 3 years.)
A microphone or 2.
Audio Interface with built-in preamps (unless they get a USB mic)
Anything to listen back on
Hell, my first experience making music on the computer was in like, I don't even know, 11th grade? I bought a copy of Fruity Loops and started composing a musical in it using the MIDI editor and the stock sounds.
I forget sometimes how I started out. I guess there's a big difference between an adult who wants to get into recording and has money to spend on it, and a kid with no money who wants to explore and create. It feels like all the stuff on the list is actually really important, and to get a great result it is.. I'm torn now. Maybe it's important to first decide who the audience is, before trying to market to them.
At work, we sometimes came up with Personas. A few moderately fleshed out fictional people who we think would be a part of our target audience. Then it's easier to market to them.